What is torticollis?

Torticollis, or wry neck, is a condition where a child’s neck is tilted to one side due to neck muscle tightness or spasm. Physiotherapy can help treat this condition.

What are the types of torticollis?

  • Congenital torticollis (Most common)
  • Acquired torticollis
  • Spasmodic torticollis

What is congenital muscular torticollis?

If the baby is born with the neck tilted to one side, it is known as congenital torticollis. Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most common torticollis that is present at birth. This is due to the tightening of the Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle on the right or left side of the neck. The cause of CMT is unknown, but possibly due to the baby’s position in the womb. A child may also have a soft lump in the belly of the SCM.

How can congenital muscular torticollis be treated?

Studies show that CMT can be resolved through physical therapy, such as active correction and strengthening exercises. A child should recover from CMT within a year if the prescribed exercises are carried out daily.


For congenital torticollis, there is an associated condition known as Plagiocephaly, which is commonly seen.


Plagiocephaly, also known as flat head syndrome, is a condition characterised by the flattening of one side of or back of the head. This is due to the preferential positioning of the head, causing distortion to the skull plates of an infant.

How can plagiocephaly be treated?

Early treatment can help prevent the worsening of a flattened head shape. Physiotherapy can help with repositioning therapy, and in more severe situation, the child may require a referral to the orthotist for helmet treatment.

What is acquired torticollis?

Acquired torticollis is non-congenital and may result from muscle spasms, trauma, scarring or disease of the cervical spine. They may be presented with a head tilt and may come with or without pain, headache and reduced neck movements.

How can acquired torticollis be treated?

The treatment options will differ based on the cause and symptoms of the acquired torticollis. Generally, physical therapy can help reduce the pain, improve the movement and muscle flexibility.


Usually, an X-ray or MRI investigation may be necessary in some cases to find out the main cause of the acquired torticollis before commencing physical therapy.

What happens during physiotherapy?

The physiotherapist will assess the child’s neck condition and prescribe the appropriate positions, exercises or a combination of these. The physiotherapist will teach the parent exercises for the affected neck muscles, which must be carried out several times a day.


Follow-up review sessions of the child will be needed, and the frequency of it depends on the severity of the children’s condition.

What is spasmodic torticollis?

Spasmodic torticollis, also known as cervical dystonia, is involuntary movements of the head and neck to bend and/or turn to one side. These movements can be painful and may impede on the child’s development or participation in daily activities.

How can spasmodic torticollis be treated?

The treatment options vary depending on the severity of the dystonia. Aside from medications, physiotherapy will help improve the child’s neck flexibility, strength and motor development.

Ng Shin Huey

Ng Shin Huey

Shin Huey is a physiotherapist with over 18 years of experience in treating a wide array of musculoskeletal injuries and conditions in all age groups, from newborns to adults.

During her tenure in KKH, she developed numerous clinical protocols and guidelines for the Musculoskeletal team and Doctors. Shin Huey established the Multi-Disciplinary Clinics for Juvenile Arthritis, Haemophilia, Clinical Gait & Movement Laboratory. She is a firm believer in providing value care and quality service to patients and constantly seeks ways to innovate and simplify processes to provide better care and outcomes to patients.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit dolor

February 9, 2024

Dear Sir,

Discover the future of earning through our groundbreaking AI-powered Passive Income System! This innovative solution offers you an effortless way to generate passive income by leveraging the power of Artificial Intelligence to identify and capitalize on lucrative opportunities in real-time. Whether you’re new to passive income or looking to diversify your portfolio, our system is designed to maximize returns with minimal effort on your part. Experience the simplicity of setting up, the thrill of watching your earnings grow, and the peace of mind that comes with secure, AI-driven investments. Don’t miss out on this chance to transform your financial future. Contact us now to learn more and embark on your journey to financial freedom with AI!

learn More:

Best regards,

Bill Cooper.

February 11, 2024

Did you know about the new AI capabilities?
Use them for your business before your competitors do.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *